台灣中國醫藥大學 神經及認知科學研究所 教授兼任所長
台灣中國醫藥大學 神經及認知科學研究所 教授兼任所長
羅賓．夏瑪 (Robin Sharma)：「不是因為某件事很難，你才不想做，而是因為你不想做，讓這件事變得很難。」《死時誰為你哭泣》
• The 80:20 Rule (mindtools.com/pages/main/)
• POSEC (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_management)
– PRIORITIZE - Your time and define your life by goals
– STREAMLINING - Work and Chores
– ORGANIZING - Family and Finances
– ECONOMIZING - Pastimes and Socializing
– CONTRIBUTING - Social Obligations
• Tools: Software/hardware applications
• Scheduling and Procrastination
• “Doing more things faster is no substitute for doing the right things.” (Stephen R. Covey)
• EFFICIENCY - Doing the job in the right way, with the minimum use of resources e.g. time, money, space
• EFFECTIVENESS - Doing the right job at the right time
• URGENT - Catch immediate attention. They press on us with immediate rewards. Often they are pleasant, easy, or stress-release. But so often they are unimportant.
• IMPORTANCE - It contributes to your aims/objectives; it impacts on your short, long term job purpose
Your Use Of Time - ACTION
• Taking control. Not automatically giving away time when demanded
• Practice behaviour change. e.g. disconnected Wifi…
• Keep focused, for example plan a phone-call before making it and stick to the plan
• Do the worst things first, e.g. the most difficult phone call
• Finish one task, or a stage of it, before moving on to another
How to Multitask
Secrets of Multitasking: Slow Down to Speed Up: http://www.amanet.org/training/articles/Secrets-of-Multitasking-Slow-Down-to-Speed-Up.aspx
1. Have a positive attitude.
2. Create a plan. Make schedules, not to-do lists.
3. Manage up effectively.
4. Don’t be a Yes Person.
5. Know your perfect juggling amount.
6. Focus on the task at hand.
7. Complete something every day.
1. Recognize That You're Procrastinating
2. Work Out WHY You're Procrastinating
3. Adopt Anti-Procrastination Strategies (PLAN: Set deadlines; DO: Done is better than perfect; Get to work; SLOW TO SPEED: Take a walk without thinking)
Stephen Covey’s Time Management MatrixThink of tasks you did in the last few days, were the tasks you did high or low pay off activities? Where did most of your time go – on completing the day’s tasks or progressing long term projects Are there any tasks you shouldn’t be doing?
Identify your main tasks/responsibilities. What percentage of your time do you spend on each, ideally what percentage of your time would you spend on each?
Ideal time spent
How do I complete the time log?
Every time you change task, jot down what you are doing. Just write a short phrase: “phone call to Ann”, “answering e-mails”. Write down everything, even things like chatting, making tea, or hunting for lost papers – only you will see your time log (unless you choose to show it to someone else). Note down any interruptions e.g. phone call, or someone coming to your desk, include self interruptions such as changing tasks in the middle, answering e-mails, etc.
Why fill in a time log?
· Gives you an idea of where your time goes?
· Lets you decide whether this is an appropriate use of your time?
· Lets you identify problems
· Gives you evidence for where your times goes
Time Log (Date: )